Packages which are subjected to transport goods are required to fulfil the basic need of physical protection to the material. Hence, performance analysis such as realistic drop testing (IS 7028 Part 4 standardized) is developed for complete, filled transport packages. With such kind of analysis, one can determine in advance as to how a package would behave in a given distribution system.


The packages are normally transported by road, rail, sea and air. The nature of the damages that may be encountered during transport widely varies and depends upon the distribution system, handling methods and skills of staff employed.

Thus, performance analysing tests are developed for complete, filled transport packages to determine the quality of the packages.

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Packages tend to fall from the stacks or vehicles or from heights while handling in the loading and unloading operations. A Standardized package test to check the results of vertical impact by dropping is a must to perform.

IS 7028 Part 4 standard drop testing method

This standard specifies the drop testing method for performing a vertical impact test on a complete, filled transport package. It can be conducted either as a single test or sequence of tests to evaluate the ability of a package in a distribution system.

Important steps to follow as per IS 7028 Part 4 standard test:

1. Lift the package and hold it in a particular attitude at a height within ± 2% of the determined drop height (which is evaluated by the distance between the lowest point on the package at the time of release and the nearest point on the impact surface).

2. Release the package from its pre-fixed attitude within the following tolerances:
          i) For face or edge drops: 2° maximum between the impacting face, or edge, and the horizontal surface.
         ii) For edge or corner drops: the angle between a given package surface and the horizontal surface ± 5° or ± 10% of the angle, whichever is greater.
The velocity at impact shall be within ±1 percent of that which would be achieve by a free fall.

For the mentioned test it is important to use a standardized drop tester with following features installed:

• The equipment must have a height of 1.2 meters which should be further adjustable.
• The maximum load that can be lifted should be up to 50kg.
• The maximum and minimum heights offered to perform the test must be 1800mm and 500mm respectively.
• The machine should strictly comply with standards like IS: 7028 Part IV.

For details on technical specification or to get a quote on standardized drop tester, kindly fill up our quick contact form and get a call back from our experts.